Index Funds: A Definitive Guide

Index Funds: A Definitive Guide

You may have heard about how the Sensex has achieved new highs or how the NIFTY has reversed over the family dinner.

You’ve arrived at the correct spot if anything ever made you feel slightly confused.

An index is a list of items addressed in a book that appears at the commencement of the book. A stock market index is identical in that it is a collection of securities that define a market sector.

This categorization might be based on market capitalisation (Blue chip, mid-cap, etc. ), industry (IT, banking, etc. ), region (developing markets, Southeast, etc. ), or asset types. This categorization develops to reflect the whole range of stocks and securities.

Examine what such funds are, how they operate, what benefits they offer, and the taxation they incur.

What is an Index Fund

Mutual funds that mirror the makeup of stock market indices are known as index funds.

To put it another way, index mutual funds engage in equities that are part of their benchmark index.

As a result, an index fund that monitors the Nifty 50 will distribute your money among the same 50 equities that the Nifty 50 monitors.

A fund that replicates the Sensex, for example, will participate in the very same 30 equities that the benchmark index monitors.

Even the content of the investment, or the amount in which it is dispersed, is identical to the benchmark index.

Benefits to Consider as an Investor

  • Lower Expense Ratio

  • These funds have one of the lowest expense ratios since they are passively managed. In most situations, index funds have an expense ratio of 0.50 percent.

    Expense ratios for actively managed mutual funds vary from 1.5 percent to 2.5 percent.

  • Diversification that works

  • Index funds are one of the finest alternatives for diversifying your investment portfolio.

    It diversifies your investment over a large market category for risk management processes and exposure to a variety of industrial sectors.

  • Investment only in high-value stocks

  • Stock indexes replace underperforming stocks with outperformers on a routine basis.
    Index funds make similar changes to stay afloat.

    How to Invest in Index Funds

    Any mutual fund distributor can help you get started participating in index mutual funds.

    However, you must fulfil the required KYC process before participating.

    The KYC procedure takes about 4-5 business days to finish. KYC is a requirement for mutual fund investment.

    An investor must supply address verification, a PAN card, a photograph, and banking information as part of this procedure.

    Then, you could simply invest in index funds almost anywhere and at any moment.

    Investment in an index fund is as straightforward as purchasing any other mutual fund.

    Investing can be done in two ways:

  • 1. Lump sum

    In a lump sum investment, the full money is put in the fund at the NAV of that day.

  • 2. SIP (Systematic investment plan)

    In a systematic investment plan, you deposit a certain sum in a fund each month on a specific date at the fund’s current NAV.

    Top 5 Index Funds in India

    ,li>UTI Nifty Index Fund

    Investors seeking a low-cost index may choose the Nifty 50 Index Fund, according to financial experts.

    The Nifty 50 index comprises the top 50 equities in the Indian stock market, as determined by available market capitalization, stability, and other factors.

    It guarantees that your money is being invested in the nation’s biggest 50 corporations.

    It examines the profitability of 50 blue-chip equities, which are among India’s most dependable and liquid assets.

    ,li>Nippon India Mid-cap 150 Index Fund

    The top ten equities account for just 15.77 percent of the portfolio, with no stock topping a 2 percent allocation.

    Analysts feel this is a decent allocation for investors looking to catch midcap gains without being influenced by fund managers.

    With several midcap funds failing in recent years, analysts think this might be worth a shot for investors who want to include midcap funds in their portfolios but don’t trust fund managers to generate premiums.

    ,li>DSP NIFTY Next 50 funds

    When contrasted to the Nifty 50, analysts say the Nifty Next 50 is a well-diversified basket of 50 corporations with wider sector diversity and lesser exposure to financials.

    The Nifty Next 50’s top 10 stocks account for 32.52 percent of the index, whereas the Nifty 50’s top 10 firms account for 60.12 percent of the portfolio.

    Experts feel this is beneficial to the portfolio since it has more diversity and fewer cyclical companies than other large-cap indexes.

    This enhances the chances of more steady returns, even when the market is volatile.

    ,li>Motilal Oswal NASDAQ 100 FOF

    The portfolio comprises largely of top US-based technology companies listed on the Nasdaq and is designed for investors wanting to diversify internationally with significant risk tolerance.

    Investment experts believe it’s a smart diversification because these businesses aren’t offered in India.

    There are still other funds that gamble on big US technological behemoths, this is by far the most affordable.


    Index funds are the simplest method to gain long-term wealth by gaining exposure to the whole market through a specific product.

    These funds seek to replicate the general market by replicating certain indicators, resulting in a risk-return profile that is identical to the market.

    Index funds could be the plotline that will securely guide you through the market’s stormy waters.

    Consult your financial advisor to see if these investments are a good fit for your investing strategy.

  • CA Mukesh Gupta
    CA Mukesh Gupta
    Mukesh Gupta is the founder and director of Wealthcare. He is Fellow chartered accountant, Certified Financial Planner and Certified Public Financial advisor. He is in financial services industry since 1994. He conducts free money management sessions for corporates and associations on topics related to Personal finance. His previous engagement was with Birla Sunlife group. He regularly writes on topics related to Personal finance and occasionally appear on electronic media.

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